Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices item taxonomies

There are classifications gallore.  Below is a comparison of one by DeShon, Chan, and Weissbein (1995) with one by Styles (2008):

DeShon et al
Styles ? Analytic Both Either Visual
? 1 0 0 0 0
D/T 0 1 0 0 0
Distribution 0 2 0 0 0
Equation 0 1 3 0 8
S/D 0 1 0 0 0
S/D/T 0 3 1 0 0
S/T 0 0 0 0 1
Seriation 0 1 2 4 3
Transformation 0 3 0 0 1

Pretty good agreement between DeShon and co’s “visuospatial” and Styles’ “equation” (both what does and doesn’t fall into these buckets).  The “equation” items concern those with “overlapping elements” – seems pretty visuospatial.  Also neither classification codes item 15: DeShon and co say it violates the task instructions.  The rest is a bit of a mess, but then Styles peeked at a higher resolution into the analytic items.

References

DeShon, R. P., Chan, D., & Weissbein, D. A. (1995).  Verbal overshadowing effects on Raven’s Advanced Progressive Matrices: Evidence for multidimensional performance determinants. Intelligence, 21, 135-155

Styles, I. (2008).  Linking Psychometric and Cognitive-Developmental Frameworks for Thinking About Intellectual Functioning.  In Raven, J. & Raven, J. (ed.), Uses and Abuses of Intelligence: Studies Advancing Spearman and Raven’s Quest for Non-Arbitrary Metrics. Royal Fireworks Press.

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